Crisis Intervention Teams
Background: Police officers interact with an increasing number of mentally ill individuals, often resulting in needless force or fatal interactions. Following the shooting death of a 27-year-old who struggled with mental illness and cocaine use, a new approach called the Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) model of policing was born. Many police departments now have Crisis Intervention Teams to deescalate mental health crises and avoid arrests by directing individuals into treatment programs.
Assignment: The objective of this assignment is to evaluate the effectiveness of Crisis Intervention Teams. Some studies show that Crisis Intervention Teams are successful in reducing force and providing treatment for mentally ill offenders, while other studies show fewer advantages of such teams.
Students are to use two journal articles relating to the effectiveness of Crisis Intervention Teams.
- Section 1: Introduction: Make an introductory statement about Crisis Intervention Teams (CIT) and explain the purpose of your paper.
- Section 2: Summarize the main points of the two articles, including how Crisis Intervention Teams are used.
- Section 3: Compare and contrast the authors’ perspectives on the advantages and disadvantages of Crisis Intervention Teams. Do the authors reach the same conclusions? How are their perspectives alike and how do they differ? Did the authors conclude that the program was an effective use of resources or not? Did the authors find that Crisis Intervention Teams decrease force and provide treatment for mentally ill offenders? Provide supporting statistics.
- Section 4: Conclusion: Provide a focused, concise conclusion based on your analysis of the articles, explaining why Crisis Intervention Teams should or should not be used.
- Paper must be double spaced, 11 or 12 pt font and 1” margins all around.
- All APA 7th edition format requirements must be followed (cover page, in text citations, reference page). Refer to APA/UMGC – learning resources found in the content page of this course.
- You must have resources to support your thoughts/opinions/information. These must be cited both in text as well as at the end of the document. Your paper should not contain direct quotes; sourced material must be paraphrased.
Crisis Intervention Teams
Course Unit: Course Name
Crisis Intervention Teams
The increasing cases of police brutality have changed public perception of police officers significantly. However, many instances of police brutality result from law enforcement officers attempting to protect themselves and the public. According to Fleischmann, Strode, Broussard, & Compton (2018), law enforcement is a dangerous career that often involves violence and threat to the officer’s lives. To avoid the utilization of unnecessary force during arrests, police agencies have resorted to training their officers to handle different situations and scenarios on a case-by-case basis rather than having a blanket policy. Among these are Crisis Intervention Teams (CITs) that seek to educate law enforcement officers on dealing with offenders who have a mental illness. CITs are a union between police officers and mental health professionals intended to ensure that mentally ill offenders receive the best rehabilitation possible. According to Canada, Angell, & Watson (2010), seven percent of all first responders’ calls involve people with mental health problems. Since the duty of every police officer is to protect and serve all and sundry, police agencies must come up with methods that will meet both the needs of the mentally ill and ensure community safety. This is what necessitated the coming about of Crisis Intervention Teams. This paper will look into how CITs have been beneficial to law enforcement officers and mentally ill offenders by analyzing two academic articles on the subject. These articles are ‘Law enforcement officers’ perceptions of and responses to traumatic events: a survey of officers completing Crisis Intervention Team training’ and ‘Crisis intervention teams in Chicago: Successes on the ground’. It will then offer an inferred opinion on whether CITs should continue or be phased out.
Impact on the treatment of mentally ill suspects
According to Canada et al. (2010), one of the most challenging things about calls involving offenders with mental illness is that they are very time-consuming as officers look for ways to calm the situation down. The officers’ tasks are threefold in those situations: minding the welfare of the mentally ill offender, protecting the community from the offender, and protecting themselves from harm. Canada et al. (2010) note that one of the core teachings of Crisis Intervention Teams is to enhance officer preparedness in dealing with those circumstances and promote officer safety. Officers who have this training are more cognizant of the challenges people with mental issues undergo and are better equipped to them safely with the respect and dignity they deserve. These enhanced interactions serve to make sure that situations that would otherwise have been violent or deadly are deescalated without causing harm to anyone.