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Movie review: Gender and Violence

Movie Review: There are many popular and educational films that address gender and violence. Find a documentary or drama that is related to a topic that is
discussed in the text. Write a 2-3-page paper on the movie and discuss how these films relate to the class. Be specific.
Write about the movie introduction
Prosecutors Making the Victim Story Sound Unconvincing
Proof of Rape Case
Victim Blaming
The sexual assault
the conclusion
if you can come up with better titles for each paragraph that would be awesome. I would really appreciate it if you could come up with the titles instead of

Sample Solution

Theoretical frameworks consist of existing theories and concepts used in various study to provide better understanding to the phenomena being studied. It is evident that most studies would use theories to explain and extend the current knowledge on the assumptions of the phenomena. Trang, Baldauf & Moni (2013) in their study have failed to adopt any theory that is relevant to the study of foreign language anxiety. Instead of basing their study on theories such as Hortwitz, Horwitz and Cope’s Theory that views FLA as anxiety specific to foreign language learning and not just general classroom anxiety, these scholars have emphasized on general review of literature to obtain relevant information on the topic (Tran, 2012). The effect is that their findings have not clearly differentiated between FLA and classroom anxiety leaving the reader to make certain assumptions which jeopardize the credibility of the study. In addition, the reader cannot be effectively connected to the existing knowledge since the study just offers a simple description of the phenomena without necessarily looking at the generalized aspect of FLA within the literature (Tran, 2012). As Rodriguez & Abreu (2003) puts it, the use of theories in any study allows the researchers to explain vividly the meaning, challenges and nature of phenomena without necessarily focusing on the generalized issues that were provided by the previous researchers. They further say that any study that is not based on any theoretical framework is likely to offer general information on the phenomena in question without focusing on the specifics. Therefore, these scholars ought to have based their study on a theory to provide specific information on FLA to posit a better knowledge and understanding on the topic.

Data triangulation is one of the aspects in methodology that has been effectively adopted in the study. The researchers made use of three types of data collection methods, (questionnaires, interviews and biographies) ensure that any information not captured in one of the methods is accomplished by the other. According to Hennink, Hutter & Bailey (2011) data triangulation is one of the most effective means of ensuring validity of any data obtained in a study. In addition, Baker (2006) also points out that apart from adopting more than a single method, it is important that the variability of a data is assured to act as a representation of the entire population. This study to some extent has accomplished this by involving 419 students taking different majors within the university. However, the failure of the study to incorporate participants from different universities makes the variability of the data questionable. It is not likely that information from a single university would act as a general representation of the views and ideas of all the students within the region. Moreover, the use of 8 teachers is not an effective representation of their ideas since some qualitative aspect is involved in the research requiring a bigger number of teachers to be comparable to the number of students involved in the study. As much as there may be drawbacks on geographical variability due to the involvement of a single university, the students’ wide diversity is catered for in terms of their major, place of origin and learning experience to improve the generalization of the findings to a wider population. In addition, the broad diversity of the teachers is enhanced through involvement of individuals with different age, levels of qualifications and teaching experience in foreign language. Regardless of accomplishing diversity in terms of the participants involved, this study has not attained any form of geographical diversification making its findings limited to a small location, this ought to have been considered to improve the diversity in terms of participants and the location involved.

The quality and reliability of any data in a study depends on the data collection instruments, procedures and data analysis method used. Baker (2006) points out that unless standardized instruments and procedures are used in any investigative process, the quality and reliability of the findings is not guaranteed regardless of the effectiveness of the analysis process. Trang, Baldauf & Moni (2013) have made use of questionnaires that contained standardized measurement scales of anxiety, attitude and belief. It is evident from the findings that these scales accurately measured the parameters mentioned without any biases due to the semantic differential techniques used in their development. The semi-structured interview attained the quality levels required through the use of open ended questions and strict observation of the interview protocol designed for the study. It is important to note that the procedures of conducting either the interviews or distributing questionnaires were also effectively accomplished through random distribution of the questionnaires and indiscriminative selection of the participants involved in the activity. The data analysis process through the use of SPSS and NVivo software ensured clearly filtration of the data collected to obtain quality data. Hardy & Bryman (2004) support the use of the aforementioned analysis tools stating their importance and accuracy in analyzing any combination of qualitative and quantitative data. The researchers should however have incorporated the aspect of using experts in content analysis to analyze the texts in the interview data. According to Phillips & Stawarski (2008) content analysis is a critical process that requires certain level of expertise to ensure consistency in the meaning drawn from the interview results. Unless the information taken as final findings to the study are consistent and  direct interpretation of what was presented by the interviewees then the credibility  of such findings are questionable (Levine, 2003). These researchers have therefore failed to attain quality findings from their content analysis, however, their integration and interconnections of the data obtained from different sources still provide a room for any discrepancies that was avoided in the analysis process to be eliminated. This is a final step in the analysis process that guarantees the quality of both the interview and the questionnaire findings.